In 1903, she founded the St. Luke Penny Savings Bank, offering checking and savings accounts, mortgages, and loans to provide economic empowerment to women and help strengthen Richmond's emerging black middle class. By 1924, the Penny Savings Bank had spread to other parts of Virginia and included more than 50,000 members.
Madam C.J. Walker, was born Sarah Breedlove on December 23, 1867 in a one-room cabin with a fireplace, a few windows, and a porch located on a cotton plantation on Delta, Louisiana. She would build a beauty empire employing 40,000 African American women and men in the US, Central America, and the Caribbean and found the National Negro Cosmetics Manufacturers Association in 1917. Her parents, Owen and Minerva Breedlove remained on the plantation following the end of the civil war, working as sharecroppers, and selling the cotton to earn money. Following their death to yellow fever in 1874, Sarah Breedlove would leave Delta for Vicksburg, Mississippi to live with her sister, Louvenia, and brother-in-law, Willie Powell. At 14 years old,...
Harriet Tubman was born Araminta Ross around 1820 in Bucktown, Maryland. She would escape to Pennsylvania in 1849 and return to Maryland to free her family and others for the next ten years through the Underground Railroad... making about 13 trips. She worked for the union army as a spy, scout, nurse and cook from 1862 to 1865 during the American Civil War and would become a supporter of Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, joining their cause in campaigning for women's suffrage.
Sojourner Truth was born Isabella Baumfree around 1797 in New York to Dutch slaveowners, the Hardenberghs. Overcoming the challenges of slavery, illiteracy, poverty, prejudice, and sexism in her own lifetime, she worked for freedom, to end racism by mobilizing thousands to support the abolition of slavery and support women's suffrage.
On August 7, 1945, Lise Meitner received a call from a reporter with a Swedish newspaper. He would tell her that the first uranium bomb had been used over Hiroshima. Said to be the equivalent of 20,000 tons of ordinary explosives, the bomb had destroyed five square miles of Hiroshima, killing between 70,000 to 100,000 people. A second would be dropped on Nagasaki with similar consequences.