On July 16, 1962 aboard Vosktok 6, on a clear and sunny day, Valentina Tereshkova, nicknamed Valya, became the first woman to travel to space. She was born in Maslennikovo, Russia on March 6, 1937. She'd later be elected as deputy to the Supreme Soviet, become president of the Soviet Women’s Committee and addressed the Women’s International Democratic Federation in Helsinki where the theme of the meeting was “The Role of Women in the Modern World.”
Considered one of the greatest writers in the United States, Maya Angelou was the first African-American to work on the streetcars in San Francisco (working for the Market Street Railway Company). She was the first African-American woman to recite her poetry at a US presidential inauguration, the first African-American women to make the non-fiction bestseller’s list, the first African-American woman to have an original screenplay produced for the movie Georgia, Georgia in 1972.
Helen Keller, whose name means light was born June 27, 1889 in Tuscumbia, Alabama. She lost her vision and became mute February 1882 and later worked on behalf of the blind, campaigning that the major cause of blindness in infants was a condition called ophthalma neonatarum.
Born towards the end of 70 BC or beginning of 69 BC, Cleopatra was of Macedonian heritage and reigned as an Egyptian queen, ruling an empire that included Egypt, Cyprus, part of modern-day Libya and other territories in the Middle East.