Hatshepsut was the daughter of Pharoah Thutmose I and Queen Ahmose. Assuming the title King of Upper and Lower Egypt," she reigned Egypt from 1478-1458 BCE, longer than any other woman of Egyptian dynasty."
Born in 1768 in the Anhui province in China, Wang Zhenyi, is remembered as a famous female scientist from the Qing dynasty. She held a progressive belief that a woman could display her talents to the fullest and that learning was not just for men, but for men and women.
Considered to be one of the last great thinkers of ancient Alexandria and one of the first women to study and teach mathematics, astronomy and philosophy. She became the head of the Platonist school at Alexandria, lecturing on mathematics and philosophy. In 415 AD, she was attacked by a mob, and beaten to death with what are thought to be roofing tiles.
Nakano Takeko led warrior class of female samurais during the Battle of Aizu of 1868. She is widely considered to be the last great female samurai warrior, and the Battle of Aizu is considered the last stand of the Onna-Bugeisha.