Sojourner Truth was born Isabella Baumfree around 1797 in New York to Dutch slaveowners, the Hardenberghs. Overcoming the challenges of slavery, illiteracy, poverty, prejudice, and sexism in her own lifetime, she worked for freedom, to end racism by mobilizing thousands to support the abolition of slavery and support women's suffrage.
On August 7, 1945, Lise Meitner received a call from a reporter with a Swedish newspaper. He would tell her that the first uranium bomb had been used over Hiroshima. Said to be the equivalent of 20,000 tons of ordinary explosives, the bomb had destroyed five square miles of Hiroshima, killing between 70,000 to 100,000 people. A second would be dropped on Nagasaki with similar consequences.
Amelia Earhart was born July 24, 1897 in Atchinson, Kansas to Edward & Amy Earhart. She saw her first plane—a biplane with double wings and built of wood, wire and oiled canvas—while attending the Iowa State Fair in 1908.
Wangari Maathai was born April 1, 1940 in a traditional mud-walled house with no electricity or running water. She was the first woman from Africa honored with the Nobel Peace Prize in 2004 and the first woman in East and Central African to earn a doctorate degree.
On July 16, 1962 aboard Vosktok 6, on a clear and sunny day, Valentina Tereshkova, nicknamed Valya, became the first woman to travel to space. She was born in Maslennikovo, Russia on March 6, 1937. She'd later be elected as deputy to the Supreme Soviet, become president of the Soviet Women’s Committee and addressed the Women’s International Democratic Federation in Helsinki where the theme of the meeting was “The Role of Women in the Modern World.”